The Kyzylkum Desert History Museum is a unique museum of Uzbekistan, which traces the whole history of the Kyzylkum Desert development, starting from the Mesozoic period to modern artifacts and methods of land development. For all the years of its functioning, and it is based, for a minute, in the distant 1983, “enriched” to about 2000 exhibits of paleontology and archeology, geology and mineralogy, ore and loose gold, ethnography and applied arts, painting and photography.  

On the occasion of the 45th anniversary of the Navoi Mining and Metallurgical Combine, the exhibition halls of the museum were again reconstructed, and the museum also became an educational and training center for students of the educational center of the mine management and students of the industrial college at the branch of the Navoi State Mining Institute. Today the Zarafshan museum is one of the main centers of cultural and educational activity on the history of the Central Kyzyl Kum.
At the entrance to the museum there are offices on the topic of developing the desert – photos of construction, the first victories in the industry. In the demonstration hall, much attention is paid to the city of Zarafshan. This part of the museum convincingly tells and shows how beautiful the compact city of gold miners is. The section “Industry of NMMC” stores models of the settlement of geologists of Muruntau in 1964, mock-ups of the birth of the city of Zarafshan in 1965.
The section “Nature of Kyzylkum” reflects the rich and unique flora and fauna of the desert. Here you can see stuffed birds, snakes, predators and other animals. The section describing ancient life demonstrates elements of cosmology, archeology, paleogeography. It is in this place that the history of the region flashes before our eyes, like a multicolored kaleidoscope.

The property of the museum is the exposition “Gold of Uzbekistan”, containing the richest collection of gold-bearing ores. A great contribution to its creation was made by the professor of the Institute of Geology of the Academy of Sciences of Uzbekistan S. Badalov, having handed over to the museum a personal collection of ores and minerals of Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Armenia, Russia, the Czech Republic and the African continent that he had collected for more than half a century.
In the book of honorable visitors of the museum guests from India, China, England, France, Germany, the United States of America, Canada and other countries have left their suggestions and wishes for memory.
When you examine all the halls of the museum there is a fairly complete representation and understanding of the modern gold mining of the Republic of Uzbekistan, paleontology and the history of the development of the Kyzylkum desert.